Did you know that...

  • The harmful use of alcohol is the third leading risk factor for premature death and disability worldwide; 4.5% of the global burden of disease as measured in disability-adjusted life years [1].
  • Alcohol use shows a unique geographic and gender pattern; highest burden for men in Africa, middle-income countries of the Americas and some high-income countries [1].
  • Alcohol is known as a causal factor in 60 types of diseases and injuries and a contributing factor in 200 others [2].
  • Higher-risk drinking has a variety of health effects, as shown below (Figure 1).


Figure 1 Effects of High-Risk Drinking

Babor TF & Higgins-Biddle JC Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking: A Manual for Use in Primary Care World Health Organisation Department of Mental Health & Substance Abuse, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001


1. World Health Organization Global Health Risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks, Geneva, 2009

2. World Health Organization Global status report on alcohol and health. Geneva, Switzerland, 2011